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How to Talk About Allergy in Chinese?

作者:纽带中文

Hey guys! Have you noticed that though the temprature is still quite high outside, it is not that sweltering or unbearable like last month?


Yes, you didn't get it wrong, as the season is starting to change! 立秋(Lì qiū) -- Start of Autumn, the 13th solar term of the year, began this year on Aug 8. Start of Autumn reflects the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, which means the fruitful season is approaching.


Though the seasonal change always means harvest and beauty of nature, there's a bad side --seasonal allergies. Seasonal allergies also called hay fever or allergic rhinitis, occur when the immune system overreacts to allergens such as pollen, mold, or dust.


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And if you live in China but you do not know how to discuss allergies in Chinese, things might become even more tricky for you! So now starting from seasonal allergies, let’s learn how to talk about the most common allergies in Chinese!


The Chinese word for “allergic” and also “allergy” is 过敏 (guòmǐn). It can be both a noun or a verb.


You can say "I had a skin allergy” 我皮肤过敏了 (Wǒ pífū guòmǐn le).

Or you can say “I am allergic to something”.


This sentence can be applied to any kind of allergy: I + to + something + 过敏 allergic”.


For example, if you want to say you're allergic to dust, you would say 我粉尘过敏 (Wǒ fěnchén guòmǐn).


As mentioned above, another common allergy during seasonal change is the “hay fever” (allergic rhinitis). During seasonal changes, allergy symptoms may worsen or improve depending on the specific allergen causing the reaction and environmental factors such as humidity and temperature. Common symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, congestion, itchy eyes and throat, and fatigue.


In Chinese, “Hay fever” is “花粉症” (huāfěn zhèng). People who is allergic to probably would have runny nose and stuffy nose 鼻塞 (bísè). By the way, the Chinese character (zhèng) can be used to describe for any kind of disease or illness. For example, if someone's eyes get dry or comfortable from time to time, he probably would say “我有干眼症” (gān yǎn zhèng).


Treatment options include over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants or prescription medications, immunotherapy, and avoiding triggers when possible. Consult a healthcare provider for personalized allergy management.


Now you are equipped with useful Chinese phrases to consult a Chinese doctor!








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